Tour in nanjing

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 Nanjing is the capital of Jiangsu province. It is situated in the eastern coast of China and the lower reaches of the Yangtze River. With a total area of 6597 square kilometers and resident population of 8,236,000, Nanjing is the only megalopolis in the Yangtze River Delta as well as in Eastern China. Renowned as "home to a great number of beauties and emperors in the regions south of the Yangtze River", Nanjing has over 6000 years of historical civilization. It was first founded as a city nearly 2600 years ago, and was set up as the capital about 500 years ago, thus is recognized as one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China. Nanjing first became a state capital in 229 AD, when the state of Eastern Wu was founded by Sun Quan during the Three Kingdoms period. After that, the Eastern Jin Dynasty, the Song, Qi, Liang, and Chen Dynasty of the Southern Dynasties set their capitals in Nanjing in succession, thus giving Nanjing the name "ancient capital of six dynasties". Later, Nanjing was successively chosen as the national capital by the Yang-Wu Regime, the Southern Tang Dynasty, the Southern Song Dynasty, the Ming Dynasty, the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, and the Republic of China. Nanjing is an important birthplace of Chinese civilization. It has long been the political, economic, and cultural center of Southern China in the history with profound cultural foundation and rich historical heritages. 
  


  

  Nanjing Attractions
  


  

  Nanjing Confucius Temple (Fuzimiao)
  Nanjing Fuzimiao, or Fuzimiao, is a Confucius Temple which is located in the Gongyuan Street on the north bank of the Qinhuai River in Nanjing. Confucius disciples respectfully called him "Fuzi". At present, the Qinhuai scenic area, which combines the Temple, the bazaar and side streets with the landscape and has the Confucius Temple as its center, has become one of the symbols of Nanjing.

  

  The ancient architectural complex of the Confucius Temple scenic spot is composed of the Confucius Temple, Xuegong (ancient state school) and Jiangnan Examination Hall. This region is called "the place of gaiety, splendor and aristocracy in the Six Dynasties" mainly because aristocratic families gathered around this area from the six dynasties to the Ming and Qing Dynasties. It is a cultural hub in the regions south of the Yangtze River as well as the center of the Qinhuai Scenic spot. The Confucius Temple Street is a famous traditional street in China. The Qinhuai Lantern Fair held between the Spring Festival and the Lantern Festival every year is one of the most important activities in Nanjing during the Spring Festival.

  

  Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum  

  

 

  Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum is situated inside the Zhongshan Scenic Area in the eastern suburbs of Nanjing. Neighboring the Linggu Temple to the east and Xiaoling Mausoleum of Ming Dynasty to the west, the structures, along with the mountain, ascends gradually with the central axis line running from south to the north. This bell-shaped mausoleum is regarded as the most outstanding mausoleum in Chinese architectural history of the modern age.

  

  Xiaoling Mausoleum of Ming Dynasty
  

 

  

  Xiaoling Mausoleum of Ming Dynasty is situated inside the Zhongshan Scenic Area. Emperor Taizu, Zhu Yuanzhang, the first emperor of the Ming Dynasty and Queen Ma were buried there. Renowned for its eminent status and magnificent scale, Xiaoling Mausoleum is the milestone in the historical development of architectural art and stone carving in early Ming Dynasty, which brings a direct impact on the shape and structure of imperial mausoleums in Ming Dynasty and Qing Dynasty. After 600 years of vicissitudes, the remaining part is the last part of the mausoleum. The overall distribution of mausoleum has two discreet sections: One is the winding Sacred Way and the other is the main body of the mausoleum itself, namely, the cemetery of Zhu Yuanzhang.

  

  Nanjing City Wall
  

 

  

  Nanjing City Wall refers to the quadruple walls around the imperial palace, the imperial city, the capital, and the outer city built in Ming Dynasty. The city wall was built in 1366 AD and finally completed in 1393 AD. A total of 280,000 laborers from 152 counties, 28 prefectures, 5 provinces, 3 garrisons and 1 ministry participated in the project. Up to 350 million bricks were used to build the wall. The quadruple walls around the capital Yingtian Prefecture were finally completed after 27 years of painstaking construction. With a total length of 25.1 kilometers, Nanjing City Wall is the longest and best preserved city wall of the largest scale in the world. In November 2012, Nanjing City Wall was included in the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List.

  

  Xuanwu Lake
 

   

  Xuanwu Lake, also called Sangbo and Houhu Lake in the past, is situated at the foot of the Zhongshan Mountain in Nanjing. It is the largest royal garden lake in China, as well as the largest city park in the regions south of the Yangtze River. The Xuanwu Lake of Nanjing, the South Lake of Jiaxing, and the West Lake of Hangzhou are renowned as the three great lakes in the regions south of the Yangtze River. Xuanwu Lake is divided into five different parts. With so many scenic spots and historic sites, Xuanwu Lake is now the largest cultural and recreational park in Nanjing.

  


  Nanjing Delicacy:
  Duck blood and vermicelli soup (Yaxuefensi) is a traditional delicacy of Nanjing as well as a famous and popular delicacy with duck as the ingredient. Duck blood, vermicelli, duck intestines, duck livers, duck soup, and some other ingredients are used to make the soup. The soup is popular among visitors for its smooth, soft and tasty flavor.
  Nanjing Salted Duck, also known as Osmanthus Duck, is a local duck dish from Nanjing and a product of geographical indication in China. It is also named Jinling Salty Duck, since Nanjing is particularly known as Jinling. With a wealth of production experience, Nanjing Salted Duck enjoys a long history. The tender white duck meat has some fat but is not greasy, and in presentation the dish is fragrant and often crispy. Nanjing Salted Duck prepared shortly before or after mid-Autumn is reputed to taste the best, because of duck production during the sweet osmanthus blooming season.
  


  

  Small Steamed Bun, a well-known traditional snack in the region south to the Yangtze River, such as Changzhou, Wuxi, Shanghai, Nanjing, Hangzhou, Jiaxing, Wuhu, Huizhou and Shengzhou, originated from Changzhou, Jiangsu during the reign of Dao Guang (1821-1850) in the Qing Dynasty. It was first produced in Wanhua Teahouse of Changzhou, enjoying equal popularity with Nanxiang Steamed Bun of Shanghai.


  


  Sweet Sticky Rice Ball is very popular in Nanjing. People here prefer the sweet-but-not-cloying glutinous rice food which does not stick to the teeth yet, and take it as the top grade. Apart from the taste, it also boasts small and exquisite shape and diversified colors. For such delicious food, a pot of superior green tea may be perfectly matched. 
  


  

  Nanjing Specialties 
  The Yuhua Stone, literally “Rain Flower Pebble Stone”, is a natural agate and mainly produced in Luhe District of Nanjing, enjoying a reputation of “Queen of Stones”. We appreciate the Yuhua Stone in pursuit of its artistic conception, which incorporates poetic and romantic charm. Therefore, for people who want to collect the stone, a highly cultural taste is needed. 
  

 

  

  Nanjing Paper Cutting, one of the ancient folk arts in China, is also the world intangible cultural heritage. With the hollow-cut design, the paper-cutting works give people wonderful visual enjoyment. For happy events like wedding, people in Nanjing are used to asking the artists to cut red paper with various forms for box, cabinet, quilt and pillow decoration. All varieties of paper cutting have distinctive local features. In 2008, it was listed among the first batch of National Intangible Cultural Heritage Extension Project.  

  

 

  Nanjing Gold Foil, with a time-honored history, was traced back to the Southern Dynasties. Gilding represents one of China’s traditional folk handicrafts, which is widely used in imperial palaces, noble families as well as temples for decoration, in a bid to show magnificence or decency. With a history of over 2,500 years in gold foil production, Nanjing takes up a 70% share nationwide (which is 60% worldwide) in gold foil production, and it is the biggest gold foil production base within China and one of the major five gold foil production centers across the world.

 


  Nanjing Brocade, also known as Nanjing Yunjin, is a kind of brocade made in Nanjing, and “Yunjin” is a general term for the traditional jacquard silk fabric. It has had a history of more than 1,600 years. Nanjing Brocade has kept the tradition of being produced by wooden jacquard machine, and its hand weaving skills based on human memory cannot be replaced by modern machines. To weave a picture of brocade with a width of 78 centimeters, the weaver needs 14,000 silk threads on its surface, and all flower patterns should be completed with these threads. All the weaving process is, like computer programming, full of complexity and hardship. 
  


  

  Nanjing Youth Olympic Games
  

  

  2014 Nanjing Youth Olympic Games (YOG) were held from 16 to 28 August 2014 in Nanjing, China. It was the first time for China to host the Youth Olympic Games, and Nanjing YOG was another major Olympic event after Beijing Olympic Games.

 

  The principle of frugality was followed by Nanjing YOG. Despite the increase both in the number of athletes and competition items, the budget was restricted within RMB 1.8 billion, which could be illustrated by the fact that only one venue was newly constructed, Nanjing Youth Olympic Games Sports Park. On 28 August 2014, the Closing Ceremony was held in Nanjing Olympic Sports Center, Premier Li Keqiang attended it, and International Olympic Committee President Thomas Bach said the organization of the Youth Olympic Games was “perfectly flawless”.

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